Lace history of 's Gravenmoer.



About 1365 the village 's Gravenmoer arised on a place where the moors were developed. Ships played an important role because peat shipping was an important source of income.

In 1672 during the Eighty Year War almost the entire village burnt down. Still a few saved archives prove the existence of lace production. Probably most of the produced lace was used for lines. It is kown that in the 19th century lace was made for bonnets.

In 1819, the village had ninety women and sixty children producing lace. There was a lace worker in every house. The lace they produced was shipped and sold together with the peat.
At the end of te 19th century there were only about fifty women who produced lace left. They produced one ell (+/- 70 cm) in 12 to 16 hours. They earned 3,1 cents per hour.

's Gravenmoer became well-known for its lace bonnets made in the 19th century. The use of a diagonal half stitch worked in a special manner made this lace unique. This diagonal half stitch was worked in such a way that compared to the basic half stitch with its horizontal lines, vertical lines were created.

The diagonal half stitch was used so often in lace for bonnets that this lace is referred to as 's Gravenmoer lace in The Netherlands. The straight and simple cotton lace was used for the costumes of the less wealthy of South Holland islands.





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